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ϸ˵Ӣĵĸϵ幦

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“ӢĵʲDz”ſ֮ǰƪ“ϸ˵Ӣĵ”ĶǣܹĹʶôǣΪһʦʹ֣̽ȥһӢĵʣ仰˵ȥƽӢĵʵĹǷпɹʮ˰УǽջһʮҪ——Ӣĵȶı幦ܵļ——“ĸ”

һдڴʻѧй㷺ĵ˵——ostrich()ʵļ䷽αǿԻعй˼Ӣĵʵʷ׶Ρ

һӢĵ”ʱ

ǵ¶ʦǿʦһ˵1840ңйڽӴʿĹгʶӢﵥʣʵĹ˷ҲDzס“today()”ĵʱ뵽ªİ취——г“today”г“”Ȼñµķ“”“”ϵôǾ“today”“”֮һ “”ĵʼ䷽һֱʮҲ1950ҡ֮ȻɢһЩӢߵºͽѧŵڼӢﵥʵķ⣬ЩԾ“г”ΪҰʱӽӢĵʵʱ˵ֻһЩ򱿵“” ԼİӢĵʵľ룬ԶԶûдѧ䷽۵ıʡ“ostrich()”һʣʱձܲһɽѧĽڣȻڣ첻ָգе˵ostrich()——г“ޣʹ”Ȼټһ䲹ǣô󣬵ٴҲҪʹԡ쿴ĵģڵʱܵϿɣΪʱе˶ΪӢﵥʵķûֻ֣֮ҪиͲˣ“ostrich”ƴд죬üסôķѾллأαشëõʲôƲѧϴʻ㽲̨֮人¶ϣ̽Ű“ostrich()——гޣʹ”ѧԱֳȻһƬͬѧ޲̾ڼʮ֮ǰˣ˼뾹ȻԺͿɵ˵ز

˵Ӣĵ”ʱע“Ϸ˵”DZڵع“ϸ˵”

2001꣬ʽӴӢﵥʼѧʱ䵽2003꣨ʽ߽¶УӴĺܶ෽Ƿһʱν“Ϸ˵Ӣﵥ”߽“”бȽдԵˣϺʦѧѧ˶ʿʦԭ¶֪ʽʦʦԭ¶֪ʽʦʦȻڣ첻ָգǵķ֧£ostrichĽʺϷ绯ڵ“ostrich”ͷһĸ“c”,DZ“cost+rich=ostrich”빫ʽ “ostrich-”“cost-ѣrich-ԣˣ”˵һҪǾǸ˻Ǯ “cost+rich=ostrich” еĹȻг룬һޣ߿£ostrich=o+st+rich,o-ԲȦst-“-street”,rich——һһԲȦԼȦ·˱——񣩡

Ϸ˵ӢĵʱĵͰЩ“” Լڻʱκͳ̬

Щν“”Ϊʲôܵ˼ѧԱɺͷأҪԭһַֻܰǼסһĵʣĹʮǣǿѾУֻᵽһ“Ϸ˵”ľûջĿѧɣһ㲻ΪķŸ˿

Ӣĵ”ʱ

Ҫαѧں̨ԼDZ֪ĵڼ“”֮ǰDZҪһʵ“ostrich-” һʵIJѧƾ죬һǶֶĹ۲֮ҪԼ׷ĵطʲô“ޣʹ”ô“ҪѸ˵ǮĶ—cost+rich”ôǣ

࣬DzӺܳߴ޳IJӷ·һκμ˿뵽Ĺôܹ֤Լÿμ“ostrich”ʵʱܹӳ “”ĺأDZڵпӰ񣡶ҿʮظ߶ߣҵӰ롣ΪҪǣǿڿѧ “ostrich-”һʵĹУѧμͬĵʣͨ

Զס仰ǵ¶Ϊѧϰ“”һʣΪͨѧϰ“ostrich”һ൥ʵĿѧ䷽ѧϰ£

һȷ“o + str + ich=ostrich”һƪУѧϰ“rich”һʵĹ˵riceףǴӵ³ũĸ“r”ǿҵغ“”һ“rise”йأ“rice”ǿͷĸ“r”“ice”ֻʺ׺“rich ԣ”һʣô“rice”“ԣ”“”ʲôϵΪ׾͸ԣִ˵“û”“ûǮ”Ҳں“ԣ”ұߵ“”ϣҵͬڴ“ԣ”ĸʱĬ

ͨ“rich”Ľˣ“ich”ڵб壬ڵ“ostrich”Ȼˣ“ostrich”ĺҪ“o+str”ϣ“ich”ȽˣDZġ

ѧϰĸ“str”ȶ幦ܡĺĹ۵һҷ֣κΰĸ“str”ĵУ“str”ڱʾһȶ“”ĺ壬ǵģ“str”һʸ

£ȣ“str”ͷʣһ“ϸġ”߱“ġ”ĺ壺string- /street/streamСϪ/straitϿ/strapƤ/stripeơΣ“str”ͷĶʣܺ“”йϵstrain“ain”壬Ƶʻ“grain/train/abstain”ȵȣЩе“ain”һDZɷ֣/restrainƣƣre+ str+ ain=restrainƣƣreأstrain——һǰ˻ǰ“ƣ” ĸ/strapҪ/strongǿ׳(Ƕʶʣȴ֪ΪʲôŪ֮Ϊѧϰ“str”str—ֻнԼӣŽǿ׳ĸоڿԼһ“̧ͦͷ”Ķ֪“str”ʲô壬ô“strong”е“ong”ʲô——Ļ) /strugglȩͦͷȫ——κӣ/strictϸģģֱ/stressǿν “ǿ”strʹ“ǿ”/stride󲽣󲽵ʱ򣬴ڲʹģ/stretchչ˶ /instructָָin-strʣǣ

ģᵽ“str--”ĺ֮ǾͿ“ostrich”ҵˣ“o--out⣬str--죬ichıɷ֣ʣһ񣬳——”Ե“ostrich”ƾ죬ҼʵʹܼסʺĽͷDz󿴵“ostrich”“”֣ÿο“ostrich”ǷӳһֻӵĴܵ󣬲ִ׷ļЧ䣬ж߶ڰ“ostrich”ĸ“o”ͳ“out”̫ŷ˵ȡˣoccur—(oc-outʸ“cur”֮˫дcur-ʸܡ:occur-һܣΪν“”һðй˹“”“”)  offenceðַof—out, fence-ʣoffenceðַ“ out+ fence”

סstrĺ壬ڱȽǿô׵ĸĸ߸ĸϽʵı˼ʽ

磺long/wrong /strongЩʿͷĸĸ߸ĸϣǷֱıʸÿʵĵһԪĸ“o”һǸôʵıɷ֡ǣЩʸ“l/wr/str”ǿͷĵжʾһdzƺȶĺ壬£

l—“״”ʸĸ“l”ϰ߱ʾ“ͷ,첲”ȵ״Ķ,
last
lineߣƵĻ lightߣ
lectʸѡø첲ȥ§ѡ
lectʸ˵磺lecture-Ϊʲôʸ lect“˵”ֻ“l”ͷͬ“l”ʾ“ͷ”ĻУlick/lingua()/lie˵/logʸ˵

wr—“š”ʸ
wristist--ʺ׺
writeддšдֵĻ
wrenchšѣench-ıɷ֣ƵĻУ“bench”ͨ“b”ĺģĸ“b”ʱ “”ĺйأboard/bedһ壩/back󱳣󱳾һ壩/boatĴһ壬 “bench”Ҳ
wrinkleƣۣwrš+ inkˮ+ leʺ׺——·ˮšȥϵˮšȥ——ƣۣ
wrap“”Ķ“”Ķǵ󷢳ģھͿԣֱ۲תȦDZ׼“”Ķ
wrong“”“š”“Ť”
wreckֻʧ£wr--šŤ+ eck—ǵ“deckװ”Ӱʣwr+deck=wreck,װšˣװŤ——ֻʧ£
wretchedģҵģҲŤģ˳ġ“etch”ôѧϰϤأʴӦûǣfetch ȥȡ/stretchչ˶

ĸһdzȶŵĴʸĺаĵжһޣЩĸstr-/ wr-š/tw-˫/spr-緢ȵȣ֮󣬼ûʵıɷ֣һԵλ——ӢĵʣЩһͬص㣺к壬ԣΪһסӢĵʺѧԱҪⵥʣҵбʾijɷ֡

ˣе˿ܻ˵“ȥΪ˵һ“ostrich-”ôʱʮ񶼱” ˣסһʱǺúԶסӢۡң͸ȫģĶ߻ᣬ׸Ķ


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